- The coexistence across Europe of multiple definitions of ‘artists’ as well as competing frameworks specifically aimed at them hinders a unified recognition of artists’ labour status.
- COVID-19 accelerated pre-existing trends and inequities, which created a sense of urgency to tackle the situation on a European level.
- Several factors explain the precariousness of artists. These include: the non-standard nature of their working conditions, status and income, and artists’ propensity for cross-border mobility.
- Recent and ongoing European initiatives (e.g. collective bargaining agreements) are likely to have a positive impact on the working conditions of artists. However, the former intersect with many other policy fields, e.g. competition, the internal market, social policy, fundamental rights. Therefore, such European initiatives are insufficient to address all challenges faced by artists.
- A European framework for working conditions in cultural and creative sectors and industries would provide a multidimensional, holistic and coherent policy instrument, helping to establish minimum standards, addressing structural fragilities and inequities. The framework would contribute to the sustainability of the cultural and creative sectors and industries after COVID-19, together with immediate forms of actions (access to funding, administrative support, etc.).
You can read the full study here.